Sometimes you’ll have situations, where macOS won’t go to sleep. To determine, what causes the absent from sleep, you can issue following command
sudo pmset -g assertions
this will give you something like that:
2015-11-17 08:04:25 +0100 Assertion status system-wide: BackgroundTask 0 ApplePushServiceTask 0 UserIsActive 0 PreventUserIdleDisplaySleep 0 PreventSystemSleep 0 ExternalMedia 1 PreventUserIdleSystemSleep 1 NetworkClientActive 1 Listed by owning process: pid 58(powerd): [0x000000040008012c] 10:43:06 ExternalMedia named: "com.apple.powermanagement.externalmediamounted" pid 92548(AddressBookSourceSync): [0x000096a700010b0f] 00:00:06 PreventUserIdleSystemSleep named: "Address Book Source Sync" Timeout will fire in 1793 secs Action=TimeoutActionTurnOff pid 92546(cupsd): [0x000096a800110b11] 00:00:05 NetworkClientActive named: "org.cups.cupsd" Kernel Assertions: 0x4=USB id=500 level=255 0x4=USB mod=01.01.70, 01:00 description=com.apple.usb.externaldevice.fd140000 owner=USB Receiver id=501 level=255 0x4=USB mod=01.01.70, 01:00 description=com.apple.usb.externaldevice.fa140000 owner=My Passport 0820 Idle sleep preventers: IODisplayWrangler
In the first section we see what types of applications prevent the deserved sleep. In the second part, you’ll see what applications are preventing. You can issue this command a few times, because some applications will disappear, because they are done, in my case the addressbook synchronization will be comleted soon. But I find the cupsd process more interessting. Why is the macOS/LINUX print service prevent the sleep of my Mac? Having a look at the printer spooler/queue, reveals a print job not yet finished, because the printer run out of paper. After killing that job, the cupsd assertion went away and the Mac goes to sleep like a baby 😄.